LESSON NOTE ON GOVERNMENT – SSS 1
Pressure group can be defined as an organized group of people with the aim of influencing government decisions rather than taking control of government.
TYPES OF PRESSURE GROUP
- Economic pressure group e.g. MAN
- Professional pressure group e.g. NBA, NNA
- Educational pressure group e.g. NANS, ASUU, NUT, etc.
- Labour pressure group e.g. NLC, TUC, etc.
- Social pressure group e.g. Rotary Club, Old Boys Association, etc.
- Promotional pressure group e.g. SNG, Red Card Movement, SERAP, etc.
- Religious pressure group e.g. MURIC, CAN, etc.
FUNCTION/IMPORTANCE OF PRESSURE GROUPS
- They offer useful suggestion to government.
- Pressure group act as a check against dictatorship.
- They provide free welfare service to the public.
- They act as important link between government and people.
- They educate people through seminars, workshops and debates.
- They assist government in policy formulation.
MODE OF OPERATION OF PRESSURE GROUPS
- Following are the methods or techniques employed by pressure groups to achieve their objectives.
- Mass media broadcast or publication.
- Strike – that is, refusal to work or boycott – that is refusal to attend meeting or lectures.
- They engage in public demonstrations which could be peaceful or violent.
- Working in alliance with political parties.
- Lobbying: this is efforts to influence prominent officials to take an action to effect a desirable change.
- Dialogue/consultation: this is a formal discussion between government and pressure group representatives to settle issues amicably rather than confrontationally.
- Consistent criticism and pressure on the executives.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POLITICAL PARTIES AND PRESSURE GROUPS
|S No||POLITICAL PARTY||PRESSURE GROUP||1||They are concerned with acquisition and retention of political power||Pressure group aims at exerting pressure on government to fulfill their demand.|
|2||Political party competes in elections with other political parties and carry out political campaigns||They do not take part in elections.|
|3||They are accountable to the public on their work on welfare and sometimes their financials.||They are not accountable to the public.|
|4||People come together to form or join political party based on similar political aspirations or goals. In other words, it is for political reasons.||People join pressure groups based on similar beliefs, values or goals apart from politics.|
|5||Individuals in a political party cannot belong to another political party at the same time.||Members of a pressure group can belong to another pressure group and also be members of political parties.|
- (a) Define pressure group.
- (b) Mention the types of pressure with examples
- (c) How do pressure group achieve their aims?
- (d) Distinguish between pressure group and political party.